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8 Tech Applications Reshaping Fire Safety

By Enterprise Technology Review | Monday, October 14, 2019

Technology is making the paradigm of fire safety smarter and more effective.

FERMONT, CA: Regular challenges in monitoring the level of fire and the need to strengthen strategies for fire risk avoidance are on the rise. Today, public safety continues to insist on firefighting and surveillance technologies. While avoiding fire accidents, particular attention to developing science and technology is essential. A handful of smart devices can help stop and detect a home fire while mitigating even more severe damage with the help of early warnings. Although traditional smoke detectors are designed to alert people inside a fire home secured evacuation, some of the following smart devices can also send out requests for help to the fire department, helping fire protection teams to a great extent.

Smart Smoke Detectors

Smart smoke detectors offer warning alerts on the mobile, unlike ordinary smoke detectors. They can also be wired into a home security system and controlled by a central station to send a warning to the susceptible individuals and the fire department. If smoke particles are detected in the atmosphere, they can be designed to shut down air handling systems to help prevent smoke spread as people safely leave the house. Many devices can also switch on lights and provide spoken instructions on what has to be done in the case of a fire. Additionally, a camera can be built into the smart smoke detector to monitor the event's footage and know the whereabouts of the source of the explosion. Some devices also include capabilities for carbon monoxide (CO) detection.

Smart Fire Detectors

A heat detector is the other way to detect fire if there are repeated false alarms with smoke detectors. There are usually two types of heat detectors–basic fixed temperature detectors alarming at a pre-set temperature in a plant, and alarming rate-of-rise detectors when rapid temperature rise is detected. Most heat detectors are fitted with both capabilities. In particular, heat detectors are not intended to replace smoke detectors by bedrooms or other locations where a safety device for fire life is needed. Many of these devices can be interconnected, so all the alarms can sound if a detector goes off in one part of your house.

Stovetop Fire Prevention

According to the NFPA, cooking fires are the leading cause of home structure fires, and unattended cooking is the leading cause of cooking fires. Some systems use motion-sensing software specifically designed to shut down the stove to help prevent cooking fires automatically. If the sensor detects people leaving the kitchen, a countdown begins to shut down the oven.

Detecting Disturbances

In fire safety, IoT's most crucial role is to detect disturbances. This system is a culmination of various sensors working together to activate alarms and warnings. The apps store, capture, and process data as well. The IoT technology works in conjunction with all detectors and sensors and is also programmed to pick up anything out of the ordinary in the immediate environment, such as a sudden spike or drop in temperature.

Fire Prevention and Suppression with IoT

IoT-powered fire safety connects a fire alarm and carbon monoxide detector to home appliances like a boiler or oven. If the device detects a flame or carbon monoxide, it can automatically shut down the sources of ignition. What the IoT can give is more focused on firefighting capabilities, helping put out small fires and stem the tide before emergency crews arrive. By detecting precisely where the fire is, the extent of the fire, and whether there are any occupants in the building, a smart IoT-enabled fire system can deploy various measures in specific rooms to minimize damage to the wider facility. In the future, drones or robots may even be released autonomously and sent to help fight the fire instead of real people.

Smart batteries

Smart batteries can serve as an affordable alternative to smoke, fire, or carbon monoxide detectors. A smart battery can power the existing smoke/heat detectors and provide prompt warning alerts if something has to do with the blaze. While miles away from the fire-affected area, alerts are sent to smartphones.

Smart Outlets or Plugs

Common causes of fires in residential, industrial, and domestic sites are electrical short circuits. Such incidents are not entirely avoidable; there is no question about it, but sufficient precautionary measures must be put in place to keep it as far as possible at bay. Although some models turn off automatically if they fail to detect nearby human presence.

Water Mist Systems

Over traditional sprinkler systems, this innovation is an upgrade, which is emerging as an important aspect of the firefighting future. Water is still the most commonly used fire fighting weapon. With a few tweaks here and there, water mist systems use the same principle. Instead of large water droplets, these systems send out a fine mist to smother ablaze. Water mist systems reduce water damage dramatically, which is good news for businesses with expensive equipment under one roof.

With the corresponding gateways that connect applications and processes via the cloud, wireless, and IoT-powered sensing technology, fire safety in this smart world is elevated to new heights. Such systems can significantly improve response speed and effectiveness through the delivery of appropriate and actionable data within any large or small geography.

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