By Enterprise Technology Review | Thursday, June 13, 2019
FREMONT, CA: Technological change has been the primary catalyst for increasing agricultural productivity and promoting agriculture development. Over many years, policies for agriculture, research, and development, training, and advice have been strong influences on the choice of technology. Technology like lets a farmer sees which crops are doing well by analyzing how the plants absorb or reflect different wavelengths of sunlight.
• Internet of Things(IoT) and Sensors
IoT solutions provider can continuously monitor the status of all the crops or cattle at one time. Sensors of all types are deployed in the earth and from the air. The sensor mounted on a drone and the data it captures will enable farmers to predict better how crops should be watered. In plantations, in-field water sensors help pinpoint the best times for site irrigation. It can also detect moisture in the soil and help farmers create irrigation systems for crops based on parameters including soil moisture and temperature.
• Self-Driving Tractors
With self-driving or GPS enabled tractors, farmers can program routes so that it can navigate its way across the field. The farmer drives hands-free while navigating and can manage other aspects of farming from the cab of the tractor. GPS technology on tractors and other devices helps farmers with field mapping, crop scouting, and soil sampling and also to work during low visibility field conditions such as rain, dust, and fog and maximize efficiency.
In the same way, humans use wearable or fitness trackers, and it can be used in farming to check a cattle's vitals such as temperature, activity, and behaviors including eating, sleeping, lameness, which in turn helps farmers improve its health and comfort.
• Genetically Modified(GM)Crops
Drought resistant GM crops and Bt crops are instances of how biotechnology can be leveraged by industry to farm sustainably. Genetically modified crops that can fight diseases are a solution for saving foods and the industries that grow them.
In a nutshell, these new technologies help in changing how agriculture can be managed, making farming sustainable. All the more, it connects all the players in the ecosystem and creates sustainable farming communities.