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How Nanotech Complements Modern Semiconductors

By Enterprise Technology Review | Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Nanotechnology is a boon for the semiconductor firms that are eyeing compact chips with high operational capabilities.

FREMONT, CA: Nanotechnology is a promising sector that has been gradually transforming the semiconductor industry. The quest to reduce the size of semiconductor materials is encouraging the researchers to invest in nanotechnology. As per AZoNano, nanotechnology drives the performance of semiconductors across a massive range of material applications. Recently, researchers in the semiconductor sector are investing their energy in achieving Quantum Size Effect (QSE).

The QSE arises due to enhanced confinement of the holes and electrons. The above configuration leads to a reduction in the volume of small crystalline structures. Nanomaterial influenced by QSE displays changes in the electronic structures, crystallizing into an intermediate molecular size that varies somewhere between the volume of a molecule and several molecules present in bulk composition. The intermediate state of the nanomaterial results in spatial confinement of charge carriers within such structures, thereby decreasing the overall volume of the nanomaterial that is used in semiconductors.

The structural changes in electron due to QSE cause significant contrast from the physical behavior of the bulk materials. Researchers are trying to manipulate the shape and size of intermediate atoms to adjust transitions as well as the energy optical of nanoengineered semiconductor materials.

Another advantage that accompanies the incorporation of nanotechnology into semiconductors is the larger bandgaps. The widened bandgap of the nanoscale semiconductors imparts these materials unique chemical stability at high temperatures. Such thermal stability enables a wide range of advantages to systems coupled with nanoscale semiconductors. Some of the benefits include reduced or cooling requirements, connectors, or wire. The above advantages are encouraging the researchers to further invest in nanotechnology. Future advancements in semiconductors will certainly be impacted by the developments in nanotechnology.

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