In many countries, food production and security are the major challenges resulting from environmental impact and insufficient water supplies. Incremental growth in population for every year is necessitates more food production. It is recommended to adopt digital technologies in agriculture to enhance food productivity and address the food security depending on local climate conditions.
What is the term called "Smart Farming"?
Smart Farming is a novel farming management concept which is utilizing modern technology to increase the quantity and quality of agricultural products. A range of technologies like IoT, GPS, and robotics can assist in strategic decision making at the farm level as well as with operational actions at the plant level.
Earlier farmers used to rely on water resources to yield their crops which is mainly based on environmental conditions but, with the advancements in technology erased the challenges that are being faced by the farmers. In recent years, agriculture is started to raise its bars exponentially through smart farming techniques. Smart Farming encompasses precision farming which can respond to inter and intra-field variations in crops through site-specific crop management. This will impact in all areas of agriculture including the efficiency of crop and livestock management, increased production at less cost, and conservations of water resources.
Requirements to Enable Smart Farming
In order to sustain the precision in smart farming, sensors are required to track the concentration levels of soil. Based on the data observed by the sensor, specific software with decision rules and models is used to determine the condition of the crop and the diagnostics needed for the plant to eliminate deficiencies. Real-time observation of crops can be done by drones and remote sensors which can measure environmental variables and crop status.
Smart farming solutions are substantially increasing the economic rate of agriculture in many developed and developing countries. It eliminates the shortage of labor resources by incorporating the advancements in agriculture technology. It can overcome tomorrow's challenges of doubling food supply by ensuring food security.