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The Intersection of Nanotechnology and IoT

By Enterprise Technology Review | Thursday, May 16, 2019

FREMONT, CA: The attributes of nanotechnology have already started revolutionizing the entire technological ecosystem.  The bending of incredibly small materials (smaller than 100 nanometers) with precise and unique skill-set has resulted in building miniaturized gadgets possessing enlarged potentials and powers. The vast features of nanotechnology have lured all the mega industries like defense, healthcare, textiles, and hardware to undertake this technology. Scientists and researchers have started reducing the size of sensors from millimeters to the nanometer scale, small enough to circulate within a living body.

Internet of things (IoT) is a web of physical devices interlinked with each other through a shared secured network. The devices range from a cell phone, fitness tracker, baby monitor to a refrigerator and even as far as an aircraft engine. Manufacturing of reliable sensors to form an IoT system by combination of differential nano-processors, inexpensive nanosensors with micro power-supply is causing a significant buzz in rapidly expanding the data-driven universe. An unimaginable scale of conventional and unconventional data is being generated every day by interconnected nanodevices. Human minds cannot fathom even the little data collected from the location of a personal cell-phone, health trackers, and smart home devices. In addition to this, with every initiation of web search, an array of data sets is being generated.  The most advanced nanosensors to date have been constructed by using synthetic biology tools to modify single-celled organisms such as bacteria, salmonella, and protozoa. Many nanosensors have also been crafted from non-biological materials such as carbon nanotubes, which can both sense and signal, acting as wireless nano-antennas.

The transition from smart nanosensors to the internet of nano things (IoNT) seems inevitable as IoNT provides much more detailed, economic, and contemporary pictures of our cities, homes, factories and even our bodies. By the integration of nanotechnology with IoT powerful microprocessors, sophisticated nanoscale embedded antenna technologies, and supercomputers are getting reduced to an unimaginably small size. With the expansion of application, the billions of nanosensors harvesting vast amounts of real-time information are being transmitted to the cloud. 

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